RESEARCH PROVES EMU OIL CLAIMS VALID
Article by AEA 5/3/2003

Lowell, MASS - For years people have touted the natural health benefits of emu oil. Healing, penetrating, anti-aging and cholesterol lowering testimonials have been used to promote this food by-product from the emu, a domestically raised livestock in the U. S.

Dr. Robert Nicolosi, Director of the Center for Health and Disease Research at the University of Massachusetts-Lowell, has been conducting research to evaluate these claims. "Animal trials indicate that emu oil does have cholesterol lowering, anti-inflammatory and transdermal properties," reports Nicolosi. Nicolosi admits that he was initially skeptical but that the research results have changed his mind.

Two different trials were done to evaluate the transdermal qualities of emu oil. In both trials, a topical application of emu oil containing either tocopherol (Vitamin E) or DHA (docosahexanoic) to the shaved surface of hamsters was done. Periodic blood samples taken over a seven day period showed conclusively that emu oil is transdermal and that it can be utilized for transdermal delivery. The data also suggests that the transdermal qualities of emu oil might actually be greater than other oils currently being utilized daily in hundreds of over-the-counter remedies for such things as weight loss, smoking, testosterone and hormonal replacement therapy. There could be a future use for emu oil as the carrier in these and other applications.

Inflammation studies with mice indicated that emu oil significantly reduced induced inflammation 42% to 71% depending on when it was applied. A comparison of these results with those of other oils in the omega 3 family indicates that emu oil has a greater affect on reducing inflammation. Since diseases such as arthritis are often earmarked by inflammation, the anti-inflammatory properties of emu oil as well as the transdermal qualities indicate emu oil will have a place in topical applications, if not as a topical application.

Cholesterol research with hamsters fed a hypercholesterolemic diet followed by inclusion of emu oil provided incredible results. Emu oil reduced the total cholesterol over 30%. Low Density Liprotein (bad cholesterol) was reduced 25%. With over 100 million Americans suffering from high cholesterol, cholesterol lowering drugs make up a major part of the pharmaceutical products market. Emu Oil in an ingestible form may become a very attractive alternative for some consumers.

"Our research continues to study the many intriguing aspects of this oil. The most recent conclusions are very promising for millions of Americans," said Nicolosi.


EMU INDUSTRY ANNOUNCES DIFFERENCES IN EMU OIL
Article by AEA 9/17/2002

DALLAS, TEXAS - "All emu oil is not the same" states Ann Olsson, newly elected president of the American Emu Association (AEA). With gross annual emu oil sales anticipated to exceed $100 million this year, the AEA is making a major effort to inform the consumer that there are different grades of emu oil. With increasing popularity, usage of this ancient oil has seen substantial growth over the past few years. Much of this growth comes as a result of the significant findings from research at the University of Massachusetts regarding the capabilities of emu oil in the areas of anti-inflammatory, cholesterol lowering and its transdermal properties.

In 2001, the AEA, with the guidance and assistance of the American Oil Chemists Society (AOCS), established specifications for three grades of emu oil, crude, once-refined and fully-refined. The Fully-Refined emu oil, being the highest grade of emu oil and having the most stringent specifications, is the only grade of emu oil that is considered by the AEA to be safe enough for dietary supplements and alternative medicine applications. The crude and once-refined grades of emu oil are excellent for industrial use, soap making or can be further refined to meet the specifications of Fully-Refined.

For consumer protection and awareness, the AEA with the assistance of the AOCS, recently created an Emu Oil Certification program. This program is designed to help the consumer identify Fully-Refined Emu Oil by a seal attached to the product. This seal will state "Certified Fully-Refined Emu Oil" or "Formulated With Certified Fully-Refined Emu Oil". Emu Oil processing companies must follow stringent procedures and have each processed batch tested by Certified American Oil Chemists and the test results placed on-file with the AEA. This ensures that their oil meets the specifications, before their final product can carry this "Certified Fully-Refined Emu Oil" seal. At the recent AOCS 2002 Annual Convention, in Montreal, Canada, a presentation to the attendees by Mr. Paul Binford and Dr. Frank Orthoefer, announced the American emu industry Emu Oil Trade Rules and defined the Certified Fully-Refined Emu Oil process. An abstract of that presentation is available through the AOCS. The AEA has also listed on their website, the Emu Oil Processors that are currently eligible to offer the Certified Fully-Refined Seal.

EMU OIL WORKS AS HARD AS YOU DO
Article by AEA 4/10/2002

Dallas, TX - What do NBA players, Olympic athletes, and Aboriginal tribesmen have in common? Two things. They are all extremely active and all seek comfort to soothe their aching bodies after a hard work out or a 20 mile jaunt in the outback. They also use Emu Oil to achieve that result! Emu Oil is derived from a large flightless bird that is native to Australia.

The good news is you don't have to be a sports personality or native Australian to reap the benefits from this unusual oil. Carpenters, postal workers and gardeners are finding out emu oil not only moisturizes the rough, dry or callused hands, it also works to comfort the rest of their bodies.

Researchers are hard pressed to explain the benefits from the emu oil. They know emu oil works for many different uses and are still diligently investigating the results and effects of this unique oil. Dr. Peter Ghosh, Director of Research in Sydney's Royal North Shore Hospital has confirmed that laboratory experiments consistently point to emu oil's ability to treat inflammation and pain. Another Australian, Dr. G. R. Hobday, conducted a ten year clinical study that reported reduced pain, swelling and stiffness for patients using emu oil, especially on hands, feet, knees and elbows. Thom B. Leahey, D.O., while researching at the Arthritis Clinic in Ardmore, OK. in Adult Rheumatology, stated, "The advent of this oil has simply changed my practice. I've begun recommending the use of emu oil as part of a regular treatment program for patients. I've observed some very surprising results."


Because emu oil spreads, you only need a drop or two to be effective. This makes the use of emu oil very cost effective compared to other compounds. Emu oil has no known side effects like those listed with other formulas. When combined topically with other products, emu oil only enhances to ensure positive results.

Alexandra Hall, RDH and Michael Hall, DDS of Berlin, MD are emu product producers and distributors. Alexandra says, "With patients to treat, I don't have time for pain and stiffness from carpal tunnel and arthritis slowing me down. As for emu oil, I don't think I could practice dental hygiene without it!"

"Emu oil is a known tissue penetrant with anti-inflammatory properties," says Dr. Hall. "When combined with baking soda, refined emu oil that has been processed using food grade criteria, makes a soothing dental poultice for mouth irritations and swollen gums."

Whether you are a secretary, soldier or arthritis sufferer, try emu oil. It works naturally and you benefit, regardless of your walk of life. Emu oil has already proven itself through the ages to people who work and play hard. So spread the relief, then spread the word...emu oil really works.


EMUZING FACTS
Article by AEA 3/10/2002

National Emu Week was created to educate the public about emu agriculture and products. With over 5,000-6,000 farms, the industry is making headway into the new millennium as consumers become more familiar with emu products.

The American Emu Association represents an alternative agriculture industry, dominated by the small farmer, who is devoted to humane and environmentally positive practices that will produce beneficial products for society.

The "most usable bird" - emus are raised for their oil, low-fat, protein-packed meat, fine leather, feathers, toenails, and exquisite green eggs.

Originating in Australia over 80 million years ago, emus were imported to the United States in the middle of the last century. A member of the ratite family of flightless birds, along with ostrich and kiwi, emus can lay 25 or more, large green eggs yearly. Each egg equals eight chicken eggs.

Athletes competing in the 2000 Olympics used emu oil to enhance their performance. After competition, emu oil was used to massage and soothe the body.

Using emu oil is beneficial when applied topically. Emu oil has been proven to moisturize the skin, enhancing the appearance of youth and vitality.

The American Heart Association recognizes emu meat as a heart-healthy meat. Emu meat stands out as being superior to other meats available, according to the USDA standards for meat.

Dr. Barry Sears, author of "The Zone" and developer of "The Zone" diet, says that emu meat is one of the proteins that our bodies are genetically programmed to eat. Emu meat may also help us feel better and live longer.


Emu meat is similar in taste and texture of lean beef. High in iron, protein and Vitamin C, emu meat is excellent choice for health-conscious consumers.

According to a Wisconsin meat study that tested chicken, beef, ostrich and bison, emu meat was considered lowest in fat and highest in protein, placing first in 15 out of 20 categories for nutritional health.

The emu feathers are used to make fly lures and feather duster that pick up dust without creating a lot of static cling.

Emu leather is used to make purses, boots, wallets, and clothing.

LOOKING INTO EMU OIL
By: Frank Orthoefer-ACH Food Companies 9/24/2001

The theme of the 2001 AEA Symposium was "?.Meet a new Frontier?.Catch the Spirit." The new frontier was the opportunities identified in recent research on the biological properties of emu oil. This research targeted properties some already use to promote emu oil but evaluated in valid, controlled, quantifiable scientific studies. The report by the principal investigator on cholesterol lowering, anti-inflammatory and transdermal characteristics of emu oil served to validate to the scientific community that a new oil is available having functional and pharmaceutical properties.

Previously producers and marketers have relied principally on anecdotal or testimonial disclosures on the benefits of emu oil. Healing, penetrating, anti-aging descriptions have been used to promote our product. While perhaps actual, none have been based on characteristics proven by scientific studies. Few results until now have been reported in the scientific, peer reviewed literature that lends credibility to these often seen claims. Data has been developed that will pass the test of scientific scrutiny. Future efforts are targeted to reach the scientific community and eventually the users of this oil.

The principle investigator, Dr. Robert Nicolosi, University of Massachusetts, reported on animal trials that showed cholesterol lowering, anti-inflammatory and transdermal properties of emu oil. Dr. Nicolosi was selected to perform the emu oil studies because of his widely recognized publications on vegetable oils, sterols and lecithin. He has published more than 150 peer reviewed papers in many of the noted journals on nutrition.


Dr. Nicolosi holds teaching and research positions at the University of Massachusetts. He has been involved in identifying and quantitating the biological and physiological effects of various oils such as rice, corn fiber, sunflower, soybean and others. Dr. Bob is most noted for his identification of the active ingredients in oils having cholesterol-lowering effects. Illustrating the reluctance to accept claims for this oil, even Dr. Nicolosi (Dr. Bob) expressed doubts about the possible outcome in these trials. After all, isn?t this just another animal fat being "packaged" with other "snake oils."

The standard method to assay for cholesterol lowering activity is to feed animals a high cholesterol diet then to add the test material to the diet and determine serum cholesterol over a defined time (2 weeks, 4 weeks, etc.). Dr. Nicolosi fed hamsters a hypercholesterolemic diet followed by inclusion of emu oil. The emu oil fed was either a crude rendered oil or a fully processed oil. The results were incredible with emu oil reducing total cholesterol over 30%. Most of the reduction occurred in the bad cholesterol (low density lipoprotein [LDL] cholesterol -25%). Serum cholesterol is a major risk factor for heart disease and the leading cause of death in the U.S. It is essential that people make changes in lifestyle and diets to lower their cholesterol. Cholesterol lowering drugs are the major pharmaceutical products sold. Emu oil may be a very attractive alternative.


Inflammation is easily seen but more difficult to quantify. We?ve all seen how some people react very strongly due to contact with an irritant while others show little effect. In our trials the inflammatory response was quantitated using a standard irritant applied to the ear of mice. Croton oil (2%) is the standard irritant and the degree of inflammation or anti-inflammation was determined by measuring auricular (ear) swelling and the weight of a plug taken from the ear. Swelling of tissue is a primary indication of inflammation. After the croton oil application (3, 6, 9, or 24 hrs.), emu oil was applied to the same area as the irritant. The thickness and earplug weights were then determined. The results were again "incredible." The degree of inflammation was significantly reduced between 42% and 71% in the emu oil treated mice. The cytokines or those circulatory compounds produced as a result of inflammation, were also reduced significantly (-83% interleukin -1 and ?66% tumor necrosis factor a ).

Several human and animal diseases are probably the result of inflammation. These include arthritis and vascular diseases. Treatment is often difficult but topical application has been explored. Substances that pass through the skin are needed. The claimed transdermal characteristics of emu oil were evaluated by topical application on hamsters of emu oil containing delta (d ) tocopherol. Different combinations of emu oil and d tocopherol were evaluated (1:1, 5:1 and 10:1). These were applied to the shaved, dorsal surface of hamsters. Blood samples were taken at 1 hour, 1 day, 2, 3 and 7 days and submitted for plasma analysis of the d tocopherol. The different dilutions of the d tocopherol with emu oil showed a dose/response relation between plasma d tocopherol and concentration. Emu was found to be transdermal carrying the d tocopherol through the skin into the blood. When a long chain fatty acid, docosahexenoic acid (C22:6), was incorporated into emu oil, a similar transfer to the blood was seen. Together, these trials showed statistically that emu oil is transdermal and can be utilized for transdermal delivery. The component of emu oil that brings about the transdermal delivery to the blood is unknown.

One can visualize several possibilities as a result of these studies. Some of these may include: cholesterol control and subsequent reduction of cardiovascular disease through a friendly food ingredient or capsule of emu oil, topical treatment of inflammatory diseases such as arthritis or rheumatism, or efficient delivery of topical pharmaceuticals. Enhanced cosmetics and pharmaceutical formulations seem likely for both external and internal treatment perhaps even to targeting of specific organs.

What has not been done is the determination of the active ingredient or ingredients in emu oil that is responsible for the observations made in these trials. The future efforts should focus on the identification of active components in the oil. The determination of the effects of gender, feeds, location of oil and processing effects can then be determined and optimized. As Dr. Nicolosi had summarized at the annual meeting, "emu oil is not your normal chicken fat." We can push forward into new opportunities with this beneficial livestock product with "further research that aims at specific new medicinal uses in everyday health-aid situations."


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